The good taught customs, form good characters that tend to improve in chain in the way as it occurs with the other animals. It has that to have care in the formation for music, therefore easily it can there introudzir, games that they seduce, are deceptive, deviate from the good character, without perceives. How much the education of good principles as: to respect, to take care of of oldest, hair, clothes, as well as the rules of contract, dissense, payments of taxes, requests, are things that legislation necessity does not have, therefore that an education, already if encorrega to print in the citizens these customs. After all they are questions that if not to be part of the character of the people perpetual will be modified. In the unjust city it does not have justice, unit, therefore, they live looking a remedy for its dissenses and they do not find, are in the truth sick. Here it has a critical one, the cities badly governed in which if it forbids to almost everything aso citizens, but that they allow to that bajulam, they linsojeiam as if they were virtuous men.
How much the religious questions do not fit to legislate since god is seated on nfale, center of the Land. It fits these questions and not to the men. Now it sets question to analyze the established city and to see if in it exists justice or injustice. It is started in the search of four elements that must compose the city and the perfect State; it knows it: wisdom, courage, justice and moderation. The first one that if it sees is the wisdom that if it shows in the deliberations, the science that deliberate in the truth with wisdom and that it must be considered, is not in the science of carpentry, bronze, metals, agriculture, etc. But it is excessively in that less numerous one, the perfect guardies, the magistrates and not in the majority, that receives the name from its profession, this majority is the depositary of the deliberations jousts.
The sagrao of the basilica of Mafra will be made in day twenty and two of October of a thousand seven hundred and thirty, as much make that the time on as it lacks, come sun or come rain, fall the snow or blow the wind, nor that if it floods the world or give tranglomango to it. (MC, P. 282). Most important for the king it was that the convent was inaugurated with it still while still alive. It would not be enough that the workmanship was inaugurated by one of its children.
All the credit of the construction of this convent would have to be given to the king. It is perceived in this attitude how much D. Joo was extremely egoistic and vain person. The conclusion of the convent in the stated period established for the king was almost impossible, due to the short space of time and the lack of enough man power. The found way, then, was to compel the people to work in the construction: … Ordeno that to all the corregedores of the kingdom if order that they congregate and they send for Mafra how many laborers if to find in its jurisdictions, is they manual carpenters, masons or, removing them, despite for violence, of its mesteres, and that under to no leaves them excuse to be, them not being valid consideraes of family, dependence or previous obligation, because nothing is above of the real will, saved the divine will, and to this nobody will be able to invoke, it will make that it in go, because necessarily for service of it if it commands this step, I have said. (MC, P. 282). Through this repressora will, extremely deriving of its vanity, the king obtained to subverter many people, who for not having another option to gain the life, had worked arduously in the workmanships of the convent, sacrificing themselves and even though dying in virtue of the risky conditions of taken over on a contract basis work of this huge one.
However, it is adentrando to this challenge that if characterizes the goal to delineate the possible contributions that Nietzsche of to these the same questions that they englobam the thematic one of the freedom and the history of the human and cultural thought. In elapsing of this study it is considered for first searching given biographical concerning Nietzsche, of where if it bases its formation and rich bibliographical activities that in thesis will favor take over on a contract basis it to delineate the way and the understanding of Freedom. Already on as a moment it is based question under which Nietzsche starts to coexist and to criticize, in special it will be distinguished German reconstruction by which it is inhaled by the cientificismo of century XIX. From this panoramic vision concerning the context of the philosopher it is important to stand out what it is the dionisaca question in Nietzsche. Reflexivamente in this period will be distinguished the reason of the philosopher in question to the old Greek thought. Delineated these factors we will detach the characteristic point of this work, namely, the freedom as characteristic and support for a new man, leading back these factors is wanted to disdain the pretensions that Nietzsche backwards in all the niilismo that in itself it causes an authentic rescue of thos superior.
thos this that is forgotten during has much time. Here one meets the proposal of Nietzsche concerning the Perpetual Return, in other words, the search to the Greek direction of the life, felt this that is transparent the freedom. In Nietzsche, an authentic manual meets in the truth that effectively promotes a superior being that it searchs if to materialize from our proper return and understanding to a direction that long ago was forgotten, the culture special Greek them tragedies in the dionisaca. The philosopher in this platform wants to promote new inherent ethics in the true man who passes if to reveal giving to the world creation and practical reflection.