The Rules

The good taught customs, form good characters that tend to improve in chain in the way as it occurs with the other animals. It has that to have care in the formation for music, therefore easily it can there introudzir, games that they seduce, are deceptive, deviate from the good character, without perceives. How much the education of good principles as: to respect, to take care of of oldest, hair, clothes, as well as the rules of contract, dissense, payments of taxes, requests, are things that legislation necessity does not have, therefore that an education, already if encorrega to print in the citizens these customs. After all they are questions that if not to be part of the character of the people perpetual will be modified. In the unjust city it does not have justice, unit, therefore, they live looking a remedy for its dissenses and they do not find, are in the truth sick. Here it has a critical one, the cities badly governed in which if it forbids to almost everything aso citizens, but that they allow to that bajulam, they linsojeiam as if they were virtuous men.

How much the religious questions do not fit to legislate since god is seated on nfale, center of the Land. It fits these questions and not to the men. Now it sets question to analyze the established city and to see if in it exists justice or injustice. It is started in the search of four elements that must compose the city and the perfect State; it knows it: wisdom, courage, justice and moderation. The first one that if it sees is the wisdom that if it shows in the deliberations, the science that deliberate in the truth with wisdom and that it must be considered, is not in the science of carpentry, bronze, metals, agriculture, etc. But it is excessively in that less numerous one, the perfect guardies, the magistrates and not in the majority, that receives the name from its profession, this majority is the depositary of the deliberations jousts.

Displayed Classroom

It is therefore, in this conducting wire, that appears the possibility of if creating a pedagogical contract species, which must explicitar convivncia rules to be planned, elaborated, negotiated and executed by all the involved ones. Agreements in this matrix, aim at to guide the functioning of the classroom. For in such a way, they need to be explicitadas for all the involved ones. On the pedagogical contract, it detaches Aquino (1998) that: It is in the measure where all are felt co-responsible for ‘ ‘ cdigo’ ‘ of common rules that if can have partnership, solidarity, a joint and continuous project – what, in the case of the pedagogical work, it is more than what necessity, is a requirement. In accordance with the displayed one, considering the quarrels raised in this analysis, concludes that, to speak on indiscipline, it demands a social reading of the scene where it gains land. Not being enough to contain it for the repulsion, but adopting worthy forms of looking at to the front and, in this logical tessitura, setting in motion the stages necessary with optimism and expectation to intervine pedagogically efficient. This, therefore, would be the look of an educator? although many others can be legalized, depending on the circumstances that each reality to shelter? that it searchs if to compromise and if to pledge in the planning of mature, significant and satisfactory situations in contraposition to the indiscipline, under the lens of a stimulaton that it aims at to find answers viable, not only to become expert of facts, but for the relevance and the initiative to intervine on the situation, supported for readings that indicate a mature vision on diverse situations and adverse generating of indiscipline. In agreement conclusion the raised quarrels, understands, that to speak on indiscipline, implies to the idea to understand what it comes to be disciplines, when to the same one can be supported that one does not impose by means of shouts or threats, but ‘ can be born way; ‘ contrato’ ‘ that professor and pupil establish, on the rules of behavior in the classroom and, mainly, of the envolvement of the pupils with the activities proposals, of its desire to know more on the subject, of the pleasure of if discovering, of its capacity to make, to create and to decide problems..

Charles Darwin

The theory of the motivational systems offers this alternative: in the earliest childhood (in fact in the uterus) aversivo motivational system is developed in response to the necessity to react with distant antagonism and/or against any internal or external distnico stimulus. Any fault of regulation of any other system not to respond to physiological needs, to the privacy of attachment, the exploration and affirmation of preferences, or to the sensual pleasure will do that the infant laments itself, fights, cries, threatens the fist, frunza the frown, shakes, turns aside the glance, backs down, he is put rigid, or he is put flcido. When the caretakers they respond to these affection, gestures, and conducts, eliminating the cause of the affliction or, at least, remaining to his side and comforting it (serving like contenedora function (Bion, 12), the aversivo system, during the first year of life, will be organized around effective signals. The anger is an answer to the frustration and can be extinguished if the frustration is surpassed or is eliminated. The rage can also be triggered by the frustration but it implies a feeling of narcisista wound, an offense to the pride, a shame and humiliation to the sense of self. The rage state, with its muscular contraction and increase in the cardiac beat and sanguineous pressure, eliminates the sensation of defenselessness associated with the damaged feeling of self it replaces and it by a provisional feeling of omnipotence invulnerabilidad. What causes hatred? Charles Darwin said that their roots were in the revenge and the defense of the own interests. " If we have been or we hoped to be attacked by somebody () that somebody it will be to us indifference; and the indifference becomes odio&quot easily; , that one scientist said. Erich Fromm 13 agrees this time from Psychology with the vision of Darwin: hatred arises like answer to " it threatens (of somebody or something) the vital interests of one persona".

Mafra Convent

The sagrao of the basilica of Mafra will be made in day twenty and two of October of a thousand seven hundred and thirty, as much make that the time on as it lacks, come sun or come rain, fall the snow or blow the wind, nor that if it floods the world or give tranglomango to it. (MC, P. 282). Most important for the king it was that the convent was inaugurated with it still while still alive. It would not be enough that the workmanship was inaugurated by one of its children.

All the credit of the construction of this convent would have to be given to the king. It is perceived in this attitude how much D. Joo was extremely egoistic and vain person. The conclusion of the convent in the stated period established for the king was almost impossible, due to the short space of time and the lack of enough man power. The found way, then, was to compel the people to work in the construction: … Ordeno that to all the corregedores of the kingdom if order that they congregate and they send for Mafra how many laborers if to find in its jurisdictions, is they manual carpenters, masons or, removing them, despite for violence, of its mesteres, and that under to no leaves them excuse to be, them not being valid consideraes of family, dependence or previous obligation, because nothing is above of the real will, saved the divine will, and to this nobody will be able to invoke, it will make that it in go, because necessarily for service of it if it commands this step, I have said. (MC, P. 282). Through this repressora will, extremely deriving of its vanity, the king obtained to subverter many people, who for not having another option to gain the life, had worked arduously in the workmanships of the convent, sacrificing themselves and even though dying in virtue of the risky conditions of taken over on a contract basis work of this huge one.

The Affection

The man, after the relation, looks only one form to go to sleep soon and not if he matters very with the affection that must have, obligatorily, stops with the woman, for it not to feel itself used or as a simple sexual object. The social life of the women years behind was well complicated. They were kept as ' ' slaves of lar' ' whereas its husbands had all the right and freedom to work, to look other women amongst other freedoms. still today, in full century XXI, has women treated as enslaved to the proper home. Women who have its banalizados values and its lowered moral.

It delayed very until so known sex fragile it obtained its right of being independent: women had conquered the freedom to work and to have its proper life. It is a penalty that, to reach these objectives, as many women had had that to die of form horrenda so. But this is not everything: still people exist who have its disrespected rights, many times for preconception, machismo and even though feminism excessively. everything in surplus is not nothing good! Still it happens for there of, an accepted woman in one not to be determined job, for the simple fact of that the contractors do not find that it is enabled to the same. As she also happens in house, when the wife says the husband: – Beloved, I go to change to the light bulb pra you. it answers: – Wide of bobagem, to change light bulbs is not woman thing. This is revoltante, however it is the test of how much it is normal to treat the feminine sex as being fragile. The woman is so surprising, that exactly with as much machismo and preconception that faces, it still obtains a space, obtains to remain itself independent of men and to be a citizen as any another person, without importing the sex.

Greek Question

However, it is adentrando to this challenge that if characterizes the goal to delineate the possible contributions that Nietzsche of to these the same questions that they englobam the thematic one of the freedom and the history of the human and cultural thought. In elapsing of this study it is considered for first searching given biographical concerning Nietzsche, of where if it bases its formation and rich bibliographical activities that in thesis will favor take over on a contract basis it to delineate the way and the understanding of Freedom. Already on as a moment it is based question under which Nietzsche starts to coexist and to criticize, in special it will be distinguished German reconstruction by which it is inhaled by the cientificismo of century XIX. From this panoramic vision concerning the context of the philosopher it is important to stand out what it is the dionisaca question in Nietzsche. Reflexivamente in this period will be distinguished the reason of the philosopher in question to the old Greek thought. Delineated these factors we will detach the characteristic point of this work, namely, the freedom as characteristic and support for a new man, leading back these factors is wanted to disdain the pretensions that Nietzsche backwards in all the niilismo that in itself it causes an authentic rescue of thos superior.

thos this that is forgotten during has much time. Here one meets the proposal of Nietzsche concerning the Perpetual Return, in other words, the search to the Greek direction of the life, felt this that is transparent the freedom. In Nietzsche, an authentic manual meets in the truth that effectively promotes a superior being that it searchs if to materialize from our proper return and understanding to a direction that long ago was forgotten, the culture special Greek them tragedies in the dionisaca. The philosopher in this platform wants to promote new inherent ethics in the true man who passes if to reveal giving to the world creation and practical reflection.