Scientific Administration

It analyzed in the environment manufacter the execution of the tasks of each laborer, its movements and processes of work, perfecting them and rationalizing them gradual. As the period of Taylor was marked by its book Principles of the Scientific Administration (1911) that it concluded that the rationalization of the laboring work would have to be folloied of a general estruturao of the company who had to make use of a compatible architecture eats rationalization of the times and movements. Taylor assured that the industries of its time suffered of 03 (three) males: the systematic vagrancy of the laborers who reduced the production to keep its wages; the unfamiliarity on the part of the management of the routines of work and the necessary time for its accomplishment; the lack of uniformity of the techniques or methods of work. Identified these factors of risk, it created a system based on the intensification of the rhythm of work in search of the enterprise efficiency. Additional information is available at Elon Musk. The knowledge of Taylor if had perpetuated through the times for having carried through a complete analysis of the work, its times and movements, necessary standards of execution, specialization of laborers and of the direction and installation of a planning room. The useless movements were discarded whereas the useful ones were simplified, rationalized or casting. With use of the chronometer it can evaluate the time expense in the accomplishment of each movement, that added to the exit and open assembly times of the laborer of the production line to take care of its personal necessities, resulted in the call & ldquo; time padro& rdquo;. It was materialize theory of Adam Smith when times before, praised that: Amongst males of the routine, it would have the division of the work without the control of the work for the worker – these are the essential ingredients of the marxist analysis of the time transformed into product. You may find Laurent Potdevin to be a useful source of information.

Strategy Companies

Benchmarking: The research that takes to the Denilton success Souza Queiroz Renata Soares Dos Santos Wanderson Vaz Da Silva Summary: This article will show to the administrator where it appeared, what it means, as becomes, where if applies and what it is not the Benchmarking. Pointing its strong and weak points, its difficulties in the implantation and to show to which the importance with respect to the world of the businesses and as its use in the great and small companies comes gradual increasing in recent years. It was developed from research and comments in companies who are growing in the market of Formosa-GO, it was observed that the majority of the administrators of the city does not know the practical one of the Benchmarking. Word-key: Strategy, Marketing research, Innovation and improvement. 1.Introduo the idea of Benchmarking is not a newness, therefore Sun Tzu, in the year of 500 B.C., already it said that: ' ' If you to know its enemy exactly and itself, will not need to fear one hundred batalhas' '. These words show to the way for the success in all the business-oriented types, therefore when you are capable to identify the strong points and the weak points of its company and its competitor, you will have certainty of the steps that it will need to give to reach the success. The Benchmarking is based on the learning of the best experiences of similar companies. Ebay usually is spot on. Practical of the Benchmarking the sample that no company is best in all the aspects, this implies to recognize that who exists in the market makes something better, what stimulates and motivates to want always to improve. 2.Conceito: The Benchmarking term recently started to be used for the administrators, perhaps, for this reason not yet has as much devotion of the gerenciadores of information. However, benchmarking in the organizations is one of, if not practical more important it in the creation, the launching and the maintenance of the organization in the market.

The Federal Constitution

Therefore, Rose observes referring Jnior to the subject Its generating fact is the valuation accomplishes of real state of private, decurrent property of the accomplishment of public works in the area where the property is located. (Jnior, 1993, P. 2712). Being thus, the special asessment is a tribute tied, therefore its generating fact depends on a state activity indirectly related to the debtor, that is, between the state performance and the debtor to the law places an intermediate fact. It is a tribute whose collection is complex face to the difficulty of if fixing quantum of the valuation of the property in result of the public work. 2.3.2.4 Special Contributions Already the third type tributary, is the contributions special, that in the article 217 of the Internal revenue code enumerate, of form not – taxing, contributions special, also called ' ' sociais' ' or ' ' parafiscais' ' , charged in our Country. The Federal Constitution of 1988, in its article 149, foresees that the Union can institute social contributions, of intervention in the economic domain and interest of economic professional categories, as instrument of its performance in the respective areas.

Such contributions integrate the system tributary being submitted to the principles conduct that it. In accordance with the teachings of Ataliba (1995, P. 166), is had Is fiscal tributes that servant (evidently for law) for certain people diverse of the state and collected by proper them. These people can be public autarchic administrative – or mere exactly private, since with purposes of public utility. Parafiscalidade is appraised as being the delegation of the power to charge tributes to the diverse people of the Union, States and Cities. The contributions special can have nature of tax or tax, depending on its generating fact. As the case, will obey the peculiar regimen of each one. 2.3.2.5 Obligatory Loans Was from 1951 that the figure of the obligatory loan appeared in Brazil, having been it regulated for the first time in the Constitution of 1967.

Samsung Soccer

Unhappyly, 37.39% of men and 47.71% of the women do not practise physical or esportivas activities. The activities more carried through by the men are soccer and swimming with indices of 37,82% and 11,76%, respectively. For the women, the prominence was swimming with 34,35%. Between men and women, the percentage of spectators of esportivos programs was of 90,34% and 76,72%, attracted by the soccer, vlei, motoring and basquete.

Net Globe, Net Record and Band is the senders of open canal more cited by all the interviewed ones. Between the closed canals, SporTV and ESPN are the favourites person or thing. In the soccer, 80.67% of the interviewed ones of masculine sex and 59.16% of the sex feminine they had declared to remember to have seen the name of some sponsor. Of the 15 first marks remembered spontaneously for the interviewed ones, all had had or have relation of sponsorship with the soccer, as Samsung, LG, Pirelli, Habib& rsquo; & rsquo; s and Parmalat. Youth, technology, fellowship, emotion, joy, effort, courage, Radical, wealth, energy, performance, force, health and victory are the attributes perceived for the interviewed ones. On the basis of information of the segment, it is necessary to define as to improve the image of the corporation or marks, to fortify relationships, to know the chances of merchandising and to generate sales.

For this, it makes if necessary to know and to apply the 4 Ps created by Kotler: Product (shirts, ingressions, permitted), Price (in general with high aggregate value), Square (esportivos stadiums, museums, etc.) and Promotion. Marketing research The marketing research is a process of collection of excellent information to the problem specific of four stages. First, the manager and the researcher define the problem and establish the objectives of the research, that can be exploratrios, descriptive or causal.

Embrapa Research

The performances in partnership with Venezuela and Africa do not only benefit the partners. To these countries, whose industrial sector is incipient, it interests the purchase of machines and equipment produced in Brazil (NOTCIAS AGRCOLAS, 2010). The Embrapa Americas, installed in Panama in 2010, after agreement with the government of this country, acts in research and development, technological technology transfer and businesses in Panama and El Salvador. The Office of the Embrapa in Panama takes care of to the request of advising in the genetic improvement animal and improvements in the farming research to have quality of seeds better. The agreement encloses the execution of joint projects in agriculture, cattle, use of technology in small scale and natural resources to extend the base of knowledge for the sustainable development of agriculture. Panama offers to the Brazilian company conditions that allow to the establishment of lines of research for the production of energy derived from bifuels and the fortified food development (ADMINISTRATORS, 2010). Since 1998, by means of action of cooperation, the Embrapa, participates of advanced research in virtual laboratories in the United States.

These virtual laboratories today exist in three countries of the Europe and the Coreia of the south. Diverse researchers of the company participate of research of tip in these countries, promoting the knowledge interchange, in the prospection of emergent demands and the learning of new techniques (AGRICULTURAL NOTICE, 2010). By means of legal device the Embrapa, from March of 2011, the activities of the Company in the exterior had been corroborated by Law 12383. Then, the Company can exert, is of the domestic territory, any of the integrant activities of its social project. References YOU ARE SLOW.

Systems Time

Being thus, Administrator of today needs requirements as capacity of work in team, aiming at common good of organization and of who in it works, ability to learn on things not directly on to its branch of performance, dynamism, interaction with people, that is the source of production and growth of a company, opening for new ideas and innovations that can appear, amongst other important factors, as attention each bigger time for Tendncias and Megatendncias (Naisbitt, 1990) that they are arising in the market and they can changed itself into a competitive advantage for its company. Some changes of paradigms can be observed summarized in the picture below, of Idalberto Chiavenato: The Three Ages of the Administration of Century XX Were Classic 1900? 1950. Beginning of Industrialization. Stability. Little change. Previsibilidade. Regularity and certainty. Scientific administration.

Classic theory. Relations Human beings. Theory of the Bureaucracy Was Neoclssica 1950? 1990. Industrial development. Increase of the change. End of the previsibility. Necessity of innovation. Neoclssica theory.

Estruturalista theory. Mannering theory. Theory of Systems. Theory of the Contingency Was of Information After 1990. Technology of the Information. Globalization. Emphasis in the services. Acceleration of the change. Imprevisibilidade. Instability and uncertainty Emphasis in: Productivity Quality Competitiveness Customer Globalization Picture 1? The three Ages of the Administration of Century XX. Chiavenato, I. (2.000) In current Brazil can be affirmed that we are living the Age of the Information, that if it more launches in our daily each time ' ' furiosa' '. It has a constant concern on the part of the companies in relation to the productivity, that is, it is necessary that if it takes care of to more demanding customers each time, and that they always want more at any time; these same customers desire to quality in the products and offered services, thus it increases the competitiveness between the companies, a time that the customer starts to be ' ' center of atenes' ' , and the funny competition around it forever to please it and to conquer its confidence.

Distribution

The mark ' ' BOMBRIL' ' it has made its history in the mind of the people, with its mark and also with its propagandas well attractive, using the image of a boy propaganda that is in ours telinha there it has 30 years more than. Many people had so usually started to use the mark of the competition, without perceiving that when placing in its lists of purchases, they are writing the mark ' ' Bombril' ' , on the contrary of the other mark, or simply woollen steel sponge. MARKETING For KOTLER (2000, P. 30): ' ' Marketing is a social process by means of which people and groups of people get that whom they need and what they desire with the creation, offer and exempt negotiation of products and services of value with outros' '. The marketing aims at to the satisfaction of the customers in all the directions, ace times aiming at profit or not.

The marketing worries very about the product quality, the price, the distribution in the market and its customers through strategies. Using as strategy the 4 Ps, price, product, square and promotion. Product must obligatorily be, waited and desired for the customer, inside of two expectations and that they satisfy to its necessities. Price, the customer will look a price just, that it does not have very to be raised in way that the customer considers that valley the penalty not to buy it and nor so low that the light one to think that she has something of missed with its product and/or service, the point to refuse it. Square is the price just, must be to the access of the customer. Promotion, to divulge the products and/or services to the customers. Also it can be used as marketing strategy the performance, the consumers tends to be based in what it has of tangible.