Ambient Licensing

The author still clarifies that the values of use indirect right-handers and directly are related with the use of the resources and the natural services; the value of option, determined for the value that a consumer would be made use and capable to spend with the purpose to have the chance to assume itself of a natural resources. It means that the maintenance of the supply of the good is valuable to only keep the options of choice on the part of the consumer. The value of existence is not associated with the use real, or same with the use option. In this in case that, individuals can until being made use and capable to pay simply to preserve the existence of some ecosystems, and, moreover, to reveal the desire to leave the environment intocado for the future generations. A value of donation also is considered a value of existence.

The author concludes regarding the TEV, that in its opinion, inside of the theoretical concept of the TEV, all can practically be seen as a market potential, and not as a value of market for the goods and natural resources. 2.5. The INFERENCE OF the EIA/RIMA IN the ACCOUNTING OF AMBIENT COST the process of evaluation of ambient impacts was instituted as an instrument of Law 6,938/81 National Politics of Environment, and the Constitution of 1988 absorbed this concept in the express terms in its Art. 225. The CONAMA National Advice of the Environment, consultative body and deliberative of the Advice of Government of the National System of the Environment, established in its Resolutions the requirement of the elaboration of Study of Impacto Ambiental (EIA) and the respective Environmental impact report (IT RHYMES), for all the modificadoras activities of the environment. In the same way, all the enterprise with impactante activity to the environment needs the Ambient Licensing, that is divided in three distinct phases: previous license, of installation and operation, and the EIA/RIMA can be demanded in any one of these stages of the Ambient Licensing.

The Protocol

Destarte, still brings in its thoughts, Galdino and Weber (2008, p.207) that ' ' the accomplishment of the projects of the MDL &#039 can represent one; knife of two gumes' for the environment, since it will only benefit if, in fact, to exist the financial incentive for the developing countries, technology transfer, as well as the reduction of effect gases estufa' '. Salient that the countries contemplated in Annex 1, have a goal established for reduction of the GEE, in case that has an eventual descumprimento of the commitment, will be punished with penalties of ' ' symbolic character and educacional' ' (id and ibid, p.201). It is noticed, in this vision, a treatment brando for the not reliable State of its goal, for consequncia, also sees a fragility in the same fiscalization existing a called agency Committee of charged Implementation to analyze, to control and to evaluate the effectiveness of the commitment of countries in Annex 1. By more brandas that they seem the punishments, they would have to be directed to the all countries, that direct or inderetamente are engaged in this Protocol. Reporting for Brazil, for being considered 4 emitting world-wide of pollutant gases (ANDERSON, 2009), it must also have a goal stipulated for the reduction of the emission of pollutant gases.

However, the classification established for the Protocol follows the level of economic development and not for the pollution degree. Rank that if was taken in consideration this I finish criterion, Brazil would be subject to reprovaes of its action stops with the environment, thus fitting being made responsible by its acts, receiving ' ' had punies' '.FINAL CONSIDERAES Ahead of the displayed one, note can be taken of that the question of the climatic change has had in the hodiernos great importance. The global heating provokes changes in the planet all. The Protocol of Kyoto is imagined in the truth in the impasse of two facetas one in the attempt to revert this picture and to brighten up the climatic changes and another one as an instrument of representation of the interests of the dominant countries.

Receptional Methods

To follow it is presented, sucintamente, the five stages of the method of the related authors, taken here as methodology for the application of the project that if it describes. 3,1 Determination of the horizon of expectations In this first stage of the Recepcional Method it fits to the professor to determine which are horizontes of expectations of its group so that it can elaborate strategies of rupture and transformation of these horizontes. This procedure will indicate the success to be reached with this method. The professor must consider, in this stage, the values prezados for the pupils, its preferences and behaviors. this can be detected by means of informal colloquies with pupils, comment of behaviors in room and types of trick in the hour of the interval, interviews, questionnaires and others. 3,2 Attendance of the horizon of expectations Having detected the aspirations of the pupils, the professor must, then, take care of to these interests considering two important aspects: in the first o professor he must offer, to the pupils, texts that correspond to the waited one for them; in as must organize strategies of education that are of the knowledge of the pupils for, to the few, to add new elements in the developed activities.

3,3 Rupture of the horizon of expectations Duly taken care of the horizon of expectations of the group, the professor must initiate this third stage foreseen in the method. For in such a way, it must introduce texts and activities that shake the certezas and customs of the pupils, but this rupture does not have to give in all the elements of one alone time. The paper of the professor, here, is to give conditions so that the proper pupils even perceive that he has something of stranger, new, in the way proceeding in, then, known. The rupture must be given in balanced way so that the pupils do not reject the experience new.