Others are mixed and there is a small percentage of whites. The East is composed of a majority of mestizos and whites and few indigenous. The customs, traditions, temperament, culture; idiosyncrasy as a whole, are incompatible between the two groups while made all efforts to achieve their integration. Aimara is hard to adapt to an environment different from their own, quechua is more flexible. Many quechuas opted to turn to the East, particularly for economic reasons. It is precisely for economic reasons that Bolivia remains indivisible and problematic.
Bolivia lived mining production which is located in the mountains of the West until 1970. From the 1970s onwards the Bolivian economy is diversified and part of it turned to the oil & gas soybeans, sugar cotton and agricultural products that are in the plain of East. The massive migration to the tropical lands, has made the Middle East, especially in the city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, the most prosperous area in the country, which today is the envy of the peoples of the Bolivian altiplano. The East is culturally West, while the West is indigenous. In all elections for the past 20 years of democracy, in the East it has voted by the right-wing. The East is competitive, capitalist, generator of wealth and consequently lives in constant conflict with the central Government which wants to force its anachronistic socialism.
The eventual violent confrontation is only a matter of time. The peaceful secession through a referendum is the smart solution to avoid a bloody confrontation. However, a call for a referendum in the current conditions is dangerous, because since the Government threw the Ambassador of United States in the country, drug trafficking is on the rise, the money abounds and spreads also to the East. When there is money in pockets people are happy and when happy vote that gives them that happiness, in this case today the lucky is his Excellency Evo Morales. The independent East would be a nation that, without doubt, would soon overcome many of its South American neighbors. Three provinces (departments) Oriental comprise more than half of Bolivia, something like the size of Spain. With its thriving entrepreneurial vigor, his human quality, their high sense of unity, brotherhood and love to the Earth, and mainly with its successful common sense, Asians could build the most modern and prosperous South American nation. Unfortunately, there are many Oriental with the same Spotlight obsession of Morales and the Indians of the West of wanting to be owners of all who prefer to live in a great Bolivia who don’t understand each other, rather than in a nothing little East which coincides on traditions, values and goals.