Destarte, still brings in its thoughts, Galdino and Weber (2008, p.207) that ' ' the accomplishment of the projects of the MDL ' can represent one; knife of two gumes' for the environment, since it will only benefit if, in fact, to exist the financial incentive for the developing countries, technology transfer, as well as the reduction of effect gases estufa' '. Salient that the countries contemplated in Annex 1, have a goal established for reduction of the GEE, in case that has an eventual descumprimento of the commitment, will be punished with penalties of ' ' symbolic character and educacional' ' (id and ibid, p.201). It is noticed, in this vision, a treatment brando for the not reliable State of its goal, for consequncia, also sees a fragility in the same fiscalization existing a called agency Committee of charged Implementation to analyze, to control and to evaluate the effectiveness of the commitment of countries in Annex 1. By more brandas that they seem the punishments, they would have to be directed to the all countries, that direct or inderetamente are engaged in this Protocol. Reporting for Brazil, for being considered 4 emitting world-wide of pollutant gases (ANDERSON, 2009), it must also have a goal stipulated for the reduction of the emission of pollutant gases.
However, the classification established for the Protocol follows the level of economic development and not for the pollution degree. Rank that if was taken in consideration this I finish criterion, Brazil would be subject to reprovaes of its action stops with the environment, thus fitting being made responsible by its acts, receiving ' ' had punies' '.FINAL CONSIDERAES Ahead of the displayed one, note can be taken of that the question of the climatic change has had in the hodiernos great importance. The global heating provokes changes in the planet all. The Protocol of Kyoto is imagined in the truth in the impasse of two facetas one in the attempt to revert this picture and to brighten up the climatic changes and another one as an instrument of representation of the interests of the dominant countries.