The treatment consists of drugs, diet and exercise to control the level of sugar in the blood and prevent symptoms. Learn these skills basic skills for the management of diabetes will help prevent the need for emergency care and among them are: how to recognize and treat low levels (hipoglucemiahipoglucemia) and high (hyperglycemia) blood glucose what to eat and when do how to take insulin or oral medications how to measure and record how Glycemic test the cetonascetonas in urine (only for type 1 diabetes) how to adjust insulin consumption or foods to change eating habits and exercise how to handle the days in which one is sick where buy supplies for diabetics and how to store them after knowing bases them on diabetes careLearn how this disease can cause health problems in long term and the best way to prevent them. Review and update their knowledge, since constantly new research and better ways to treat the disease are being developed. SELF-diagnosis: If you have diabetes, the doctor can ask you to regularly check the levels of blood glucose at home. There are many devices available, which use only a drop of blood. The self-monitoring tells one what so well are running diet, exercise and medications together to control diabetes and You can help your doctor prevent complications. The American Association for Diabetes (American Diabetes Association) recommended to maintain blood glucose levels in a range based on age. Discuss these goals with your doctor and diabetes educator. Before meals: 70 130 mg/dL for adults 100 180 mg/dL for children younger than 6 years 90 180 mg/dL for children of 6-12years of age 90 130 mg/dL for 13-19 year olds children at bedtime: less than 180 mg/dL for adults 110 200 mg/dL for children younger than 6 years 100 180 mg/dL for children 6-12 years of age 90 150 mg/dL for children 13 19 years of age what eat one should work closely with your doctor to find out how many fats, proteins and carbohydrates need in your diet.